Xavier Garric

Xavier Garric

Professor, Faculty of pharmacy, University of Montpellier

Xavier Garric was born in Nice (France) in 1977. He first received his PharmD degree in 2001 before he obtained his PhD in 2004 from the University of Montpellier I, under the supervision of Doctors Michel Vert and Jean-Pierre Molès in the field of degradable polymeric scaffold in skin engineering. He joined the group of Doctor Michel Vert as an Assistant Professor at the University of Montpellier, in 2005. He was appointed Professor of Polymer Chemistry at the Faculty of Pharmacy in 2013 and became team leader in September 2018. His research interests are focused on biomedical applications of polymers and especially for the design of new drug delivery systems and degradable medical devices.
Part of his recent research is related to the design of an anti-adhesion, self-expanding and degradable medical device for the prevention of intra-uterine adhesions. This work led to the creation of the Womed start-up in 2018 of which he is co-founder and scientific advisor.
Another part of his research focuses on degradable elastomers for tissue engineering applications as the well as the development of new drug eluting system for implantable medical device.
Xavier is co-author of over 46 papers and 5 patents.
He is co-head of the master’s degree in health engineering, he is deputy director of the scientific chemistry department at the University of Montpellier.



5 recent publications:

Pinese C, Gagnieu C, Nottelet B, Rondot-Couzin C, Hunger S, Coudane J, Garric X. In vivo evaluation of hybrid patches composed of PLA based copolymers and collagen/chondroitin sulfate for ligament tissue regeneration. J Biomed Mater Res B 2017;105:1778-88.

Guillaume O, Garric X, Lavigne JP, Van Den Berghe H, Coudane J. Multilayer, degradable coating as a carrier for the sustained release of antibiotics: Preparation and antimicrobial efficacy in vitro. J Control Release 2012;162:492-501.   IF 2016 = 7.786

Blanquer S, Guillaume O, Letouzey V, Lemaire L, Franconi F, Paniagua C, Coudane J, Garric X. New magnetic-resonance-imaging-visible poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-based polyester for biomedical applications. Acta Biomater 2012;8:1339-47.  IF 2016 = 6.319

Morille M, Tran Van T, Garric X, Coudane J, Venier-Julienne MC, Montero-Menei C. Microsphere compositions, preparation and method and applications thereof. WO2013144341

Coudane J, Leprince S, Garric X, Paniagua C, Huberlant S, Letouzey V. Composition of diblock and triblock copolymers and the use thereof in the prevention of tissues adhesions. WO2016020613

Development of hybrid bioactive nano fibers composed of star Poly (lactic acid ) and gelatin by sol – gel crosslinking during the electrospinning process

Nanotechnology 34 (2023) 485701

Karima Belabbes, Matthieu Simon, Christopher Yusef Leon-Valdivieso, Mathilde Massonié, Audrey Bethry, Gilles Subra, Xavier Garric and Coline Pinese


The design of a biomimetic scaffold is a major challenge in tissue engineering to promote tissue reconstruction. The use of synthetic polymer nano fi bers is widely described as they provide biocompatible matrices whose topography mimics natural extracellular matrix ( ECM ) . To closely match the biochemical composition of the ECM, bioactive molecules such as gelatin are added to the nano fi bers to enhance cell adhesion and proliferation. To overcome the rapid solubilization of gelatin in biological fl uids and to allow a lasting biological effect, the covalent crosslinking of this macromolecule in the network is crucial. The sol – gel route offers the possibility of gentle crosslinking during shaping but is rarely combined with electrospinning. In this study, we present the creation of Poly ( lactic acid )/ Gelatin hybrid nano fi bers by sol – gel route during electrospinning. To enable sol – gel crosslinking, we synthesized star-shaped PLA and functionalized it with silane groups; then we functionalized gelatin with the same groups for their subsequent reaction with the polymer and thus the creation of the hybrid nanonetwork. We evaluated the impact of the presence of gelatin in Poly ( lactic acid )/ Gelatin hybrid nano fi bers at different percentages on the mechanical properties, nanonetwork crosslinking, degradation and biological properties of the hybrid nano fi bers. The addition of gelatin modulated nanonetwork crosslinking that impacted the stiffness of the nano fi bers, resulting in softer materials for the cells. Moreover, these hybrid nano fi bers also showed a signi fi cant improvement in fi broblast proliferation and present a degradation rate suitable for tissue reconstruction. Finally, the bioactive hybrid nano fi bers possess versatile properties, interesting for various potential applications in tissue reconstruction.

Keywords: silylated star PLA, silylated gelatin, hybrid 3D network, bioactive scaffolds, tissue reconstruction

Preliminary in vivo study of biodegradable PLA-PEU-PLA anti-adhesion membranes in a rat Achilles tendon model of peritendinous adhesions

BIOMATERIALS SCIENCE 2022,10, 1776-1786

Hadda, Zebiri, Van Den Berghe Helene, Paunet Tom, Wolf-Mandroux Aurelie, Bethry Audrey, Taillades Hubert, Yohan Jean Noel, Yohan Jean Noël, Nelly Pirot, Botteron Catherine, Chammas Michel, Chammas Pierre-Emmanuel and Garric Xavier



Peritendinous adhesions are complications known to occur up to 6 weeks after surgery and cause chronic pain and disability. Anti-adhesion barriers are currently the best option for prevention. In a previous study, we designed two biodegradable membranes, D-PACO1 and D-PACO2, based on new triblock copolymers and conducted in vitro evaluations. The membranes maintained filmogenic integrity, had degradation rates that promoted anti-adhesion and were biocompatible, suggesting their safe and effective use as anti-adhesion devices. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a preliminary in vivo study in a rat model of peritendinous adhesions and evaluated the membranes’ degradation rates, tendon healing and anti-adhesion effect compared to non-surgical and surgical control groups 2 and 10 weeks after surgery. Macroscopic evaluation showed membranes were effective in reducing the extent and severity of adhesions. Membranes acted as physical barriers at 2 weeks and underwent a complete or significant biodegradation at 10 weeks. D-PACO2 had a longer degradation rate compared to D-PACO1, was more effective in reducing adhesions and is expected to be more effective in promoting tendon healing. The tendency of D-PACO1 to promote tendon healing while D-PACO2 did not interfere with healing highlights the need to redesign the porosity of the D-PACO membranes for optimal nutrient diffusion, while maintaining their anti-adhesion effect and clinical usability. Preliminary findings revealed that adhesions form beyond the 6 weeks cited in the literature. In this study, adhesion formation continued for up to 10 weeks, underlining the need to increase the experimental period and sample size of future experiments evaluating anti-adhesion membranes.

Protein-Polymer Bioconjugates Prepared by Post-Polymerization Modification of Alternating Copolymers


Saxer, S.; Erdogan, O.; Paniagua, C.; Chavanieu, A.; Garric, X.; Darcos, V.


Protein-polymer bioconjugates have shown great promise in biomedical and life science applications including drug delivery and diagnosis. The current bioconjugation strategies suffer from lack of efficiency and versatility. In this article, poly(styrene-alt-maleic anhydride) copolymers were first prepared by RAFT polymerization and characterized by different analytical techniques. Then, the poly(styrene-alt-maleic anhydride) precursors were functionalized with primary amine such as azidopropylamine and amino poly(ethylene glycol). The reaction of amino compounds with maleic anhydride was found to be a highly efficient, a versatile, and a facile chemical ligation reaction for the synthesis of macromolecules with quantitative yield under mild conditions. The main benefit is the incorporation of a wide range of functionality by easily changing the primary amine compound. For the amphiphilic graft copolymers based on poly(ethylene glycol), aggregation behavior in water was investigated. In a second part, azido-functionalized polystyrene copolymers were used to prepare a new protein-polymer bioconjugate by copper-free click chemistry reaction.

Dual-crosslinked degradable elastomeric networks with self-healing properties: bringing multi(catechol) star block copolymers into play

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ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 15, 2077-2091 (2023)

Mathilde Grosjean, Louis Gangolphe, Stéphane Dejean, Sylvie Hunger, Audrey Bethry, Frédéric Bossard, Xavier Garric, Benjamin Nottelet


In the biomedical field, degradable chemically crosslinked elastomers are interesting materials for tissue engineering applications since they present rubber-like mechanical properties matching with those of soft tissues and are able to preserve their 3D structure over degradation. Their use in biomedical applications requires surgical handling and implantation that can be source of accidental damages responsible for loss of properties. Therefore, their inability to be healed after damage or breaking can be a major drawback. In this work, biodegradable dual-crosslinked networks that exhibit fast and efficient self-healing properties at 37 °C are designed. Self-healable dual-crosslinked (chemically and physically) elastomeric networks are prepared from two methods. The first approach is based on the mix of hydrophobic PEG-PLA star-shaped copolymers functionalized either with catechol or methacrylate moieties. In the second approach, hydrophobic bifunctional PEG-PLA star-shaped copolymers with both catechol and methacrylate on their structure are used. In the two systems the supramolecular network is responsible for the self-healing properties thanks to the dynamic dissociation/re-association of the numerous hydrogen bonds between the catechol groups, whereas the covalent network ensures mechanical properties similar to pure methacrylate networks. The self-healable materials display mechanical properties that are compatible with soft tissues and exhibit linear degradation because of the chemical crosslinks. The performances of networks from mix copolymers vs. bifunctional copolymers are compared and demonstrate the superiority of the later. The biocompatibility of the materials is also demonstrated and confirm the potential of these degradable self-healable elastomeric networks to be used for the design of temporary medical devices.