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Xavier Garric

Xavier Garric

Professor, Faculty of pharmacy, University of Montpellier

Xavier Garric was born in Nice (France) in 1977. He first received his PharmD degree in 2001 before he obtained his PhD in 2004 from the University of Montpellier I, under the supervision of Doctors Michel Vert and Jean-Pierre Molès in the field of degradable polymeric scaffold in skin engineering. He joined the group of Doctor Michel Vert as an Assistant Professor at the University of Montpellier, in 2005. He was appointed Professor of Polymer Chemistry at the Faculty of Pharmacy in 2013 and became team leader in September 2018. His research interests are focused on biomedical applications of polymers and especially for the design of new drug delivery systems and degradable medical devices.
Part of his recent research is related to the design of an anti-adhesion, self-expanding and degradable medical device for the prevention of intra-uterine adhesions. This work led to the creation of the Womed start-up in 2018 of which he is co-founder and scientific advisor.
Another part of his research focuses on degradable elastomers for tissue engineering applications as the well as the development of new drug eluting system for implantable medical device.
Xavier is co-author of over 46 papers and 5 patents.
He is co-head of the master’s degree in health engineering, he is deputy director of the scientific chemistry department at the University of Montpellier.

Contact:

xavier.garric(a)umontpellier.fr
+33411759693

5 recent publications:

Pinese C, Gagnieu C, Nottelet B, Rondot-Couzin C, Hunger S, Coudane J, Garric X. In vivo evaluation of hybrid patches composed of PLA based copolymers and collagen/chondroitin sulfate for ligament tissue regeneration. J Biomed Mater Res B 2017;105:1778-88.

Guillaume O, Garric X, Lavigne JP, Van Den Berghe H, Coudane J. Multilayer, degradable coating as a carrier for the sustained release of antibiotics: Preparation and antimicrobial efficacy in vitro. J Control Release 2012;162:492-501.   IF 2016 = 7.786

Blanquer S, Guillaume O, Letouzey V, Lemaire L, Franconi F, Paniagua C, Coudane J, Garric X. New magnetic-resonance-imaging-visible poly(epsilon-caprolactone)-based polyester for biomedical applications. Acta Biomater 2012;8:1339-47.  IF 2016 = 6.319

Morille M, Tran Van T, Garric X, Coudane J, Venier-Julienne MC, Montero-Menei C. Microsphere compositions, preparation and method and applications thereof. WO2013144341

Coudane J, Leprince S, Garric X, Paniagua C, Huberlant S, Letouzey V. Composition of diblock and triblock copolymers and the use thereof in the prevention of tissues adhesions. WO2016020613

Electrospun microstructured PLA-based scaffolds featuring relevant anisotropic, mechanical and degradation characteristics for soft tissue engineering

Materials Science and Engineering: C Volume 129, October 2021, 112339

Louis Gangolphe, Christopher Y.Leon Valdivieso, Benjamin Nottelet, Stéphane Déjean, Audrey Bethry, Coline Pinese, Frédéric Bossard and Xavier Garric

 

Electrospun scaffolds combine suitable structural characteristics that make them strong candidates for their use in tissue engineering. These features can be tailored to optimize other physiologically relevant attributes (e.g. mechanical anisotropy and cellular affinity) while ensuring adequate degradation rates of the biomaterial. Here, we present the fabrication of microstructured scaffolds by using a combination of micropatterned electrospinning collectors (honeycomb- or square-patterned) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA)-based copolymers (linear or star-shaped). The resulting materials showed appropriate macropore size and fiber alignment that were key parameters to enhance their anisotropic properties in protraction. Moreover, their elastic modulus, which was initially similar to that of soft tissues, gradually changed in hydrolytic conditions, matching the degradation profile in a 2- to 3-month period. Finally, honeycomb-structured scaffolds exhibited enhanced cellular proliferation compared to standard electrospun mats, while cell colonization was shown to be guided by the macropore contour. Taking together, these results provide new insight into the rational design of microstructured materials that can mimic the progressive evolution of properties in soft tissue regeneration

Star-poly(lactide)-peptide hybrid networks as bioactive materials

 

European Polymer Journal Volume 139, 5 October 2020, 109990

L.V. Arsenie, C. Pinese, A. Bethry, L. Valot, P. Verdie, B. Nottelet, G. Subra, V. Darcos, X. Garric

ABSTRACT

Abstract Poly(lactide) (PLA) is a widely used biomaterial in many biomedical applications. However, it is inert and therefore lacks bioactivity, which is a major drawback in addressing tissue regeneration issues. This work aims to develop new implantable biomaterials composed of PLAs functionalized with bioactive peptides. For that purpose, we set up an original synthesis based on star-PLA bearing triethoxysilyl propyl groups (PLA-PTES) and bifunctional silylated peptides that react together via sol-gel process to create a bioactive network. We demonstrate that the molecular weight of the PLA and the quantity of peptide have a large influence on the crosslinking efficiency, the mechanical properties and the biodegradability of the resulting materials. The presence of peptide increases the crosslinking efficiency of the networks resulting in more rigid networks with stable mechanical properties up to 8 weeks. At last, the potential of this new type of hybrid biomaterials for soft tissue engineering was demonstrated through cells adhesion assays that showed a significant enhancement of fibroblasts adhesion

Star-poly(lactide)-peptide hybrid networks as bioactive materials

Star-poly(lactide)-peptide hybrid networks as bioactive materials

Long-term in vivo performances of polylactide / iron oxide nanoparticles core-shell fibrous nanocomposites as MRI-visible magneto-scaffolds

Biomat. Sci. XX, XXX–XXX (2021)

 Awada H., Seene S., Laurencin D., Lemaire L., Franconi F., Bernex F., Bethry A., Garric X., Guari Y., Nottelet B.

ABSTRACT

There is a growing interest in magnetic nanocomposites in biomaterials science. In particular, nanocomposites that combine poly(lactide) (PLA) nanofibers and super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), which can be obtained by either electrospinning of a SPIONs suspension in PLA or by precipitating SPIONs at the surface of PLA, are well documented in the literature. However, these two classical processes yield nanocomposites with altered materials properties, and their long-term in vivo fate and performances have in most cases only been evaluated over short periods of time. Recently, we reported a new strategy to prepare well-defined PLA@SPIONs nanofibers with a quasi-monolayer of SPIONs anchored at the surface of PLA electrospun fibers. Herein, we report on a 6-month in vivo rat implantation study with the aim of evaluating the long-term magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) properties of this new class of magnetic nanocomposites, as well as their tissue integration and degradation. Using clinically relevant T2-weighted MRI conditions, we show that the PLA@SPIONs nanocomposites are clearly visible up to 6 months. We also evaluate here by histological analyses the slow degradation of the PLA@SPIONs, as well as their biocompatibility. Overall, these results make these nanocomposites attractive for the development of magnetic biomaterials for biomedical applications.

Modulation of protein release from penta-block copolymer microspheres European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 152, 175–182 (2020)

European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics 152, 175–182 (2020).

Minh-Quan Le, Jean-Christophe Gimel, Xavier Garric, Thao-Quyen Nguyen-Pham, Cédric Paniagua, Jérémie Riou, Marie-Claire Venier-Julienne,

 

ABSTRACT

Releasing a protein according to a zero-order profile without protein denaturation during the polymeric microparticle degradation process is very challenging. The aim of the current study was to develop protein-loaded microspheres with new PLGA based penta-block copolymers for a linear sustained protein release. Lysozyme was chosen as model protein and 40 µm microspheres were prepared using the solid-in-oil-in-water solvent extraction/evaporation process. Two types of PLGA-P188-PLGA penta-block copolymers were synthetized with two PLGA-segments molecular weight (20 kDa or 40 kDa). The resulting microspheres (50P20-MS and 50P40-MS) had the same size, an encapsulation efficiency around 50–60% but different porosities. Their protein release profiles were complementary: linear but non complete for 50P40-MS, non linear but complete for 50P20-MS. Two strategies, polymer blending and microsphere mixing, were considered to match the release to the desired profile. The (1:1) microsphere mixture was successful. It induced a bi-phasic release with a moderate initial burst (around 13%) followed by a nearly complete linear release for 8 weeks. This study highlighted the potential of this penta-block polymer where the PEO block mass ratio influence clearly the Tg and consequently the microsphere structure and the release behavior at 37 °C. The (1:1) mixture was a starting point but could be finely tuned to control the protein release.